Texas State Facts and Symbols
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Texas State Flag

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Texas Facts and Symbols

Texas became the 28th state in 1845 and is the 2nd largest state by population with about 24.7 million residents. It is also the 2nd largest state by land and water area with a total area of 268,581 square miles. Texas is home to four of the fifteen largest cities in the nation. They are: Houston at 2.2 million, San Antonio at 1.3 million, Dallas at 1.2 million and the state's capital city, Austin, with a population of approximately 750,000 people.

Texas or "Tejas" was the Spanish pronunciation of a Caddo Indian word sometimes translated to mean "friends" or "allies."

Included below are more facts and symbols, information about the current Texas Governor, a state map, Texas members of the United States 112th Congress with a congressional district map, the state song and more views of the Texas State Quarter.

Texas State Quarter

State Quarter

(United States Mint Image)


Texas State Capital - Austin

State Nickname - The Lone Star State

State Motto - "Friendship"

State Flower - Bluebonnet

State Tree - Pecan

State Plant - Prickly Pear Cactus

State Bird - Mockingbird

State Fish - Guadalupe Bass

State Insect - Monarch Butterfly

State Small Mammal - Armadillo

State Large Mammal - Longhorn

State Flying Mammal - Mexican Free-tailed Bat

State Amphibian - Texas Toad

State Dog - Blue Lacy

State Horse - American Quarter Horse

State Dinosaur - Paluxysaurus Jonesi

State Gemstone - Texas Blue Topaz

State Precious Metal - Silver

State Rock or Stone - Petrified Palmwood

State Shell - Lightning Whelk

State Grass - Sideoats Grama

State Fiber and Fabric - Cotton

State Ship - U.S.S. Texas

State Railroad - Texas State Railroad

State Vehicle - Chuck Wagon

State Sport - Rodeo

State Musical Instrument - Guitar

State Folk Dance - Square Dance

State Dish - Chili

State Nut - Pecan

State Snack - Tortilla Chips and Salsa

State Fruit - Texas Red Grapefruit

State Vegetable - Sweet Onion

Official State Web Site - www.texasonline.com


Texas State Governor:

Rick Perry

Office of the Governor
  P.O. Box 12428
Austin, Texas 78711-2428

Information and Referral Hotline
(Texas callers): (800) 843-5789
(Austin & out-of-state): (512) 463-1782


Texas State Map:
(Click For Larger View)
Texas State Map - Click for Larger View


Texas State Congressional District Map:

Texas State Congressional District Map


Texas Members of the United States Congress (112th Congress)


United States Senate (Texas Members):

  John Cornyn - (R-TX) Kay Bailey Hutchison - (R-TX)  

United States House of Representatives (Texas Members by District):


Louie Gohmert - 1st

Ted Poe - 2nd

Sam Johnson - 3rd

Ralph M. Hall - 4th

Jeb Hensarling - 5th

Joe Barton - 6th

John Abney Culberson - 7th

Kevin Brady - 8th

Al Green - 9th

Michael T. McCaul - 10th

K. Michael Conaway - 11th

Kay Granger - 12th

Mac Thornberry - 13th

Ron Paul - 14th

Rubén Hinojosa - 15th

Silvestre Reyes - 16th

Bill Flores - 17th

Sheila Jackson Lee - 18th

Randy Neugebauer - 19th

Charles A. Gonzalez - 20th

Lamar Smith - 21st

Pete Olson - 22nd

Francisco Canseco - 23rd

Kenny Marchant - 24th

Lloyd Doggett - 25th

Michael C. Burgess - 26th

Blake Farenthold - 27th

Henry Cuellar - 28th

Gene Green - 29th

Eddie Bernice Johnson - 30th

John R. Carter - 31st

Pete Sessions - 32nd


Texas State Song:

Texas, Our Texas
By William J. Marsh and Gladys Yoakum Wright

Texas, our Texas! All hail the mighty State!
Texas, our Texas! So wonderful so great!
Boldest and grandest, Withstanding ev'ry test;
O Empire wide and glorious, You stand supremely blest.


God bless you Texas! And keep you brave and strong,
That you may grow in power and worth, Thro'out the ages long.

Texas, O Texas! Your freeborn single star,
Sends out its radiance to nations near and far.
Emblem of freedom! It sets our hearts aglow,
With thoughts of San Jacinto and glorious Alamo.


Texas, dear Texas! From tyrant grip now free,
Shines forth in splendor your star of destiny!
Mother of heroes! We come your children true,
Proclaiming our allegiance, our faith, our love for you.


    Texas State Quarter:    
    Texas State Quarter - FrontTexas State Quarter - Back    
    United States Mint 50 State Quarters© Program coin:
(United States Mint Images)
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