Alabama State Facts and Symbols

Alabama became the 22nd state in 1819 and is the 24th largest state by population with about 4.9 million residents. It is also the 28th largest state by land and water area with a total area of 52,419 square miles. Birmingham is Alabama's largest city with a population of approximately 230,000.

Alabama became open for white stettlement after the defeat of the Creek Indians. Settlers from other states came to Alabama by the thousands for its fertile land, good for growing cotton. Alabama was formerly under Mississippi territorial law, but when Mississippi became a state, Congress created the Alabama Territory.

Included below are more facts and symbols, a state map, the state song and views of the Alabama State Quarter.

Alabama State Flag

Alabama State Flag

Alabama State Facts

Alabama State Capital - Montgomery

State Nickname - Alabama has no official state nicknames, but has been referred to as The Heart of Dixie, The Cotton State and The Yellowhammer State

State Flower - Camellia

State Wildflower - Oak-leaf Hydrangea

State Tree - Southern Longleaf Pine

State Bird - Yellowhammer

State Game Bird - Wild Turkey

State Butterfly - Eastern Tiger Swallowtail

State Fish - Largemouth Bass

State Insect - Monarch Butterfly

State Reptile - Alabama Red-bellied Turtle

State Mammal - Black Bear

State Amphibian - Red Hills Salamander

State Horse - Racking Horse

State Dance - Square Dance

State Mineral - Hematite(Red Iron Ore)

State Gemstone - Star Blue Quartz

State Fossil - Basilosaurus cetoides

State Rock or Stone - Marble

State Fruit - Blackberry and Peach

Alabama State Map:

(Click or tap for a larger view)

Alabama State Map

Alabama State Song:

Words by Julia S. Tutwiler
Music by Edna Gockel Gussen

Alabama, Alabama,
We will aye be true to thee,
From thy Southern shore where groweth,
By the sea thine orange tree.
To thy Northern vale where floweth
Deep and blue thy Tennessee.
Alabama, Alabama
We will aye be true to thee!

Broad the Stream whose name thou bearest;
Grand thy Bigbee rolls along;
Fair thy Coosa-Tallapoosa
Bold thy Warrior, dark and strong.
Goodlier than the land that Moses
Climbed lone Nebo's Mount to see
Alabama, Alabama,
We will aye be true to thee!

From thy prairies broad and fertile,
Where thy snow-white cotton shines.
To the hills where coal and iron
Hide in thy exhaustless mines.
Strong-armed miners--sturdy farmers:
Loyal hearts what'er we be.
Alabama, Alabama,
We will aye be true to thee!

From the quarries where the marble
White as that of Paros gleams
Waiting till thy sculptor's chisel,
Wake to like thy poet's dream;
For not only wealth of nature,
Wealth of mind hast thou to fee.
Alabama, Alabama,
We will aye be true to thee!

Where the perfumed south-wind whispers,
Thy magnolia groves among,
Softer than a mother's kisses
Sweeter than a mother's song;
Where the golden jasmine trailing,
Woos the treasure-laden bee,
Alabama, Alabama,
We will aye be true to thee!

Brave and pure thy men and women,
Better this than corn and wine,
Make us worthy, God in Heaven,
Of this goodly land of Thine;
Hearts as open as our doorways,
Liberal hands and spirits free,
Alabama, Alabama,
We will aye be true to thee!

Little, little, can I give thee,
Alabama, mother mine;
But that little--hand, brain, spirit,
All I have and am are thine.
Take, O take the gift and giver.
Take and serve thyself with me,
Alabama, Alabama,
I will aye be true to thee.

Alabama State Quarter

Alabama State Quarter - FrontAlabama State Quarter - Back

United States Mint 50 State Quarters© Program coin:
(United States Mint Images)


US State Facts © MCGWDD