Illinois State Facts and Symbols

Illinois became the 21st state in 1818 and is the 6th largest state by population with almost 13 million residents. It is also the 24th largest state by land and water area with a total area of 57,914 square miles. Illinois is home to Chicago, which is the nation's third largest city with a population of approximately 2.8 million people.

The name Illinois came from the French word "Illiniwek," sometimes shortened to Illini, meaning "men" or "people."

Included below are more facts and symbols, a state map, the state song and views of the Illinois State Quarter.

Illinois State Flag

Illinois State Flag

Illinois State Facts

Illinois State Capital - Springfield

State Nickname - The Prairie State

State Slogan - "Land of Lincoln"

State Motto - "State Sovereignty, National Union"

State Flower - Purple Violet

State Tree - White Oak

State Bird - Cardinal

State Fish - Bluegill

State Animal - White-tailed Deer

State Insect - Monarch Butterfly

State Reptile - Painted Turtle

State Amphibian - Eastern Tiger Salamander

State Dance - Square Dance

State Mineral - Fluorite

State Snack Food - Popcorn

Illinois State Map:

(Click or tap for a larger view)

Illinois State Map

Illinois State Song:

The words were written by C.H. Chamberlain.
The music was composed by Archibald Johnston.

By thy rivers gently flowing, Illinois, Illinois,
O'er thy prairies verdant growing, Illinois, Illinois,
Comes an echo on the breeze.
Rustling through the leafy trees, and its mellow tones are these, Illinois, Illinois,
And its mellow tones are these, Illinois.

From a wilderness of prairies, Illinois, Illinois,
Straight thy way and never varies, Illinois, Illinois,
Till upon the inland sea,
Stands thy great commercial tree, turning all the world to thee, Illinois, Illinois,
Turning all the world to thee, Illinois.

When you heard your country calling, Illinois, Illinois,
Where the shot and shell were falling, Illinois, Illinois,
When the Southern host withdrew,
Pitting Gray against the Blue, There were none more brave than you, Illinois, Illinois,
There were none more brave than you, Illinois.

Not without thy wondrous story, Illinois, Illinois,
Can be writ the nation's glory, Illinois, Illinois,
On the record of thy years,
Abraham Lincoln's name appears, Grant and Logan, and our tears, Illinois, Illinois,
Grant and Logan, and our tears, Illinois.

Illinois State Quarter

Illinois State Quarter - FrontIllinois State Quarter - Back

United States Mint 50 State Quarters© Program coin:
(United States Mint Images)


US State Facts © MCGWDD