Maryland State Facts and Symbols

Maryland became the 7th state in 1788 and is the 19th largest state by population with about 6 million residents. It is also the 42nd largest state by land and water area with a total area of 12,407 square miles. Maryland is home to Baltimore, the state's largest city, which is also the nation's 20th largest city with a population of approximately 630,000 people.

In the early to mid 1600's, Maryland, as a colony, was named Maryland for Queen Henrietta Maria, wife of Charles I.

Included below are more facts and symbols, a state map, the state song and views of the Maryland State Quarter.

Maryland State Flag

Maryland State Flag

Maryland State Facts

Maryland State Capital - Annapolis

State Nickname - The “Old Line State” and the “Free State”

State Motto - "Fatti Maschii, Parole Femine”
(Manly Deeds, Womanly Words)

State Flower - Black-eyed Susan

State Tree - White Oak

State Bird - Baltimore Oriole

State Fish - Rockfish (Striped Bass)

State Horse - Thoroughbred Horse

State Dog - Chesapeake Bay Retriever

State Cat - Calico Cat

State Insect - Baltimore Checkerspot Butterfly

State Reptile - Diamondback Terrapin

State Dinosaur - Astrodon Johnstoni

State Crustacean - Blue Crab

State Fossil Shell - Ecphora Gardnerae Gardnerae (Wilson)

State Gemstone - Patuxent River Stone

State Sport - Jousting

State Team Sport - Lacrosse

State Exercise - Walking

State Boat - Skipjack

State Folk Dance - Square Dance

State Beverage - Milk

State Dessert - Smith Island Cake

Maryland State Map:

(Click or tap for a larger view)

Maryland State Map

Maryland State Song:

Maryland, My Maryland

The despot's heel is on thy shore,
His torch is at thy temple door,
Avenge the patriotic gore
That flecked the streets of Baltimore,
And be the battle queen of yore,
Maryland! My Maryland!
Hark to an exiled son's appeal,
My mother State! to thee I kneel,
For life and death, for woe and weal,
Thy peerless chivalry reveal,
And gird thy beauteous limbs with steel,
Maryland! My Maryland!
Thou wilt not cower in the dust,
Thy beaming sword shall never rust,
Remember Carroll's sacred trust,
Remember Howard's warlike thrust,-
And all thy slumberers with the just,
Maryland! My Maryland!
Come! 'tis the red dawn of the day,
Come with thy panoplied array,
With Ringgold's spirit for the fray,
With Watson's blood at Monterey,
With fearless Lowe and dashing May,
Maryland! My Maryland!
Come! for thy shield is bright and strong,
Come! for thy dalliance does thee wrong,
Come to thine own anointed throng,
Stalking with Liberty along,
And chaunt thy dauntless slogan song,
Maryland! My Maryland!
Dear Mother! burst the tyrant's chain,
Virginia should not call in vain,
She meets her sisters on the plain-
"Sic semper!" 'tis the proud refrain
That baffles minions back again,
Arise in majesty again,
Maryland! My Maryland!
I see the blush upon thy cheek,
For thou wast ever bravely meek,

But lo! there surges forth a shriek,
From hill to hill, from creek to creek-
Potomac calls to Chesapeake,
Maryland! My Maryland!
Thou wilt not yield the Vandal toll,
Thou wilt not crook to his control,
Better the fire upon thee roll, Better the blade, the shot, the bowl,
Than crucifixion of the soul,
Maryland! My Maryland!
I hear the distant thunder-hum,
The Old Line's bugle, fife, and drum,
She is not dead, nor deaf, nor dumb-
Huzza! she spurns the Northern scum!
She breathes! she burns! she'll come! she'll come!
Maryland! My Maryland!

Maryland State Quarter

Maryland State Quarter - FrontMaryland State Quarter - Back

United States Mint 50 State Quarters© Program coin:
(United States Mint Images)


US State Facts © MCGWDD