New Mexico State Facts and Symbols

New Mexico became the 47th state in 1912 and is the 36th largest state by population with about 2 million residents. It is also the 5th largest state by land and water area with a total area of 121,589 square miles. New Mexico is home to Albuquerque, which is the state's largest city with a population of approximately 520,000 people.

When New Mexico was first designated as a territory in 1850, it included parts of Colorado, Utah, Nevada and all of what is now known as Arizona.

Included below are more facts and symbols, a state map, the state poem and views of the New Mexico State Quarter.

New Mexico State Flag

New Mexico State Flag

New Mexico State Facts

New Mexico State Capital - Santa Fe

State Nickname - The Land of Enchantment

State Slogan - "Everybody is Somebody in New Mexico"

State Motto - "Crescit Eundo" (it grows as it goes)

State Flower - Yucca Flower

State Tree - Pinon Tree (Two Needle Pinon)

State Bird - Chaparral Bird (The Greater Roadrunner)

State Butterfly - Sandia Hairstreak

State Fish - Cutthroat Trout

State Animal - American Black Bear

State Insect - Tarantula Hawk Wasp

State Reptile - The New Mexico Whiptail Lizard

State Amphibian - The New Mexico Spadefoot Toad

State Gemstone - Turquoise

State Fossil - Coelophysis

State Grass - Blue Grama Grass

State Vegetables - The Chile and Frijoles (Pinto Beans)

State Cookie - Bizcochito

State Aircraft - Hot Air Balloon

Official State Cowboy Song - Under The New Mexico Skies

State Guitar - New Mexico Sunrise

State Train - The Cumbres & Toltec Railroad

State Official Question - Red or Green?

New Mexico State Map:

(Click or tap for a larger view)

New Mexico State Map

New Mexico State Poem:

To New Mexico

Lift, New Mexico,
your tired forehead
That clouds the enchantment
of your peaceful face,
And joyfully receive
the bright crown,
Symbol of glory, venture,
and peace.

After so many years of
fight and persistence
Your luck has changed
and you gain victory,
Reaching up to see your
fortunate day at last
That is an overflow of
happiness and the fountain
of your glory.

You have been a great
empire filled with riches,
And many mishaps you
had to suffer,
But now complete triumph
reach up to your integrity,
and reward for your constancy,
you were able to achieve.

Your people for three
centuries, isolated and lonely,
With help or protection
from nobody,
They fought for their
existence, reckless and daring,

Sealing with their blood
their dominion and possession.
After such heroic effort
finally you deserve
The goodness with such
an insistence you procure,
To be admitted in the state
of the union
With the sovereignty that
is a free man’s enchantment.

New Mexico State Quarter

New Mexico State Quarter - FrontNew Mexico State Quarter - Back

United States Mint 50 State Quarters© Program coin:
(United States Mint Images)


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