Pennsylvania State Facts and Symbols

Pennsylvania became the 2nd state in 1787 and is the 5th largest state by population with about 12.8 million residents. It is also the 32nd largest state by land and water area with a total area of 46,055 square miles. Pennsylvania is home to Philadelphia, which is the nation's sixth largest city with a population of approximately 1.5 million people.

King Charles II owed William Penn money which Admiral Penn had lent him. Seeking a haven in the New World for persecuted Friends, Penn asked the King to grant him land in the territory between Lord Baltimore’s province of Maryland and the Duke of York’s province of New York. With the Duke’s support, Penn’s petition was granted. The King signed the Charter of Pennsylvania on March 4, 1681, and it was officially proclaimed on April 2. The King named the new colony in honor of William Penn’s father.

Pennsylvania is one of four states which consider themselves to be a Commonwealth. The other three are Massachusetts, Kentucky and Virginia. A State and a Commonwealth are considered to be the same and equal in regards to their status in the United States of America.

Included below are more facts and symbols, a state map, the state song and views of the Montana State Quarter.

Pennsylvania State Flag

Pennsylvania State Flag

Pennsylvania State Facts

Pennsylvania State Capital - Harrisburg

State Nickname - The Keystone State

State Motto - "Virtue, Liberty and Independence"

State Flower - Mountain Laurel

State Tree - Hemlock

State Plant -Penngift Crownvetch

State Game Bird - Ruffed Grouse

State Fish - Brook Trout

State Animal - Whitetail Deer

State Dog - Great Dane

State Insect - Firefly

State Fossil - Phacops Rana

State Ship - United States Brig "Niagara"

State Steam Locomotive - Pennsylvania Railroad K4s

State Electric Locomotive - Pennsylvania Railroad GG1 Locomotive Number 4859

State Beverage - Milk

Pennsylvania State Map:

(Click or tap for a larger view)

Pennsylvania State Map

Pennsylvania State Song:


Verse 1
Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania,
Mighty is your name,
Steeped in glory and tradition,
Object of acclaim.
Where brave men fought the foe of freedom,
Tyranny decried,
'Til the bell of independence
filled the countryside.

Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania,
May your future be,
filled with honor everlasting
as your history.

Verse 2
Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania,
Blessed by God's own hand,
Birthplace of a mighty nation,
Keystone of the land.
Where first our country's flag unfolded,
Freedom to proclaim,
May the voices of tomorrow
glorify your name.

Pennsylvania, Pennsylvania,
May your future be,
filled with honor everlasting
as your history.

Pennsylvania State Quarter

Pennsylvania State Quarter - FrontPennsylvania State Quarter - Back

United States Mint 50 State Quarters© Program coin:
(United States Mint Images)


US State Facts © MCGWDD