Texas State Facts and Symbols

Texas became the 28th state in 1845 and is the 2nd largest state by population with about 28.7 million residents. It is also the 2nd largest state by land and water area with a total area of 268,581 square miles. Texas is home to four of the fifteen largest cities in the nation. They are: Houston at 2.2 million, San Antonio at 1.3 million, Dallas at 1.2 million and the state's capital city, Austin, with a population of approximately 750,000 people.

Texas or "Tejas" was the Spanish pronunciation of a Caddo Indian word sometimes translated to mean "friends" or "allies."

Included below are more facts and symbols, a state map, the state song and views of the Texas State Quarter.

Texas State Flag

Texas State Flag

Texas State Facts

Texas State Capital - Austin

State Nickname - The Lone Star State

State Motto - "Friendship"

State Flower - Bluebonnet

State Tree - Pecan

State Plant - Prickly Pear Cactus

State Bird - Mockingbird

State Fish - Guadalupe Bass

State Insect - Monarch Butterfly

State Small Mammal - Armadillo

State Large Mammal - Longhorn

State Flying Mammal - Mexican Free-tailed Bat

State Amphibian - Texas Toad

State Dog - Blue Lacy

State Horse - American Quarter Horse

State Dinosaur - Paluxysaurus Jonesi

State Gemstone - Texas Blue Topaz

State Precious Metal - Silver

State Rock or Stone - Petrified Palmwood

State Shell - Lightning Whelk

State Grass - Sideoats Grama

State Fiber and Fabric - Cotton

State Ship - U.S.S. Texas

State Railroad - Texas State Railroad

State Vehicle - Chuck Wagon

State Sport - Rodeo

State Musical Instrument - Guitar

State Folk Dance - Square Dance

State Dish - Chili

State Nut - Pecan

State Snack - Tortilla Chips and Salsa

State Fruit - Texas Red Grapefruit

State Vegetable - Sweet Onion

Texas State Map:

(Click or tap for a larger view)

Texas State Map

Texas State Song:

Texas, Our Texas
By William J. Marsh and Gladys Yoakum Wright

Texas, our Texas! All hail the mighty State!
Texas, our Texas! So wonderful so great!
Boldest and grandest, Withstanding ev'ry test;
O Empire wide and glorious, You stand supremely blest.


God bless you Texas! And keep you brave and strong,
That you may grow in power and worth, Thro'out the ages long.

Texas, O Texas! Your freeborn single star,
Sends out its radiance to nations near and far.
Emblem of freedom! It sets our hearts aglow,
With thoughts of San Jacinto and glorious Alamo.


Texas, dear Texas! From tyrant grip now free,
Shines forth in splendor your star of destiny!
Mother of heroes! We come your children true,
Proclaiming our allegiance, our faith, our love for you.


Texas State Quarter

Texas State Quarter - FrontTexas State Quarter - Back

United States Mint 50 State Quarters© Program coin:
(United States Mint Images)


US State Facts © MCGWDD